Chefs A' Field
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In The Field In The Kitchen


"The average suprmarket produce has traveled more than 2,000 miles, picked weeks before getting to you....

At a farmers market, these tomatoes were picked this morning, at the peak of ripeness and flavor." Farmer Phil McGrath



VOCABULARY
CALLINECTES SAPIDUS: the blue crab’s scientific name, meaning beautiful savory swimmer.

CAVIAR: Sieved and lightly salted fish roe or eggs. Caviar can come from many kinds of fish, including sturgeon, paddlefish, trout, or salmon.

HEIRLOOM SEEDS: The advent of megaagriculture in America has seen the gradual depletion of ancient varieties of native nonhybrid pants. Unfortunately for those who appreciate full-flavored fruits and vegetables, produce-seed conglomerates focus only on those strains that have mass-market appeal--which means they are beautiful and hardy, but not necessarily the best tasting. Fortunately, about 35 years ago some dedicated individuals began saving what they could of the remaining open-pollinated (without human intervention) seed varieties, which have become known as "heirloom seeds." Among the many heirloom fruits and vegetables grown today are beets, carrots, corn, beans, lettuce, and tomatoes. As the public becomes more aware of these wonderful alternatives, farmers are also becoming more interested. Heirloom produce can be found in farmer's markets and some specialty produce markets.

HEIRLOOM BREED: an animal whose breeding is not crossed, but is original to the native stocks of a specific area.

LAMB: A sheep less than 1 year old, known for its tender meat. When it is over 2 years old it is referred to as mutton and has a much stronger flavor and less tender flesh.

ORGANIC: Food that is cultivated without the use of chemicals of any sort including fertilizers, insecticides, artificial coloring or flavoring.

SUCCANAT: Sugar Cane Naturally.

SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE: is farming that is done in a manner that will build the health of the soil for the future.

UNREFINED: Sugar that is un-processed and without additives. Unrefined Sugar contains only the sap from sugar cane.


 

"Too much credit is given to the chef, it is the farmer who deserves the credit."

Jacques Pepin



VOCABULARY
CHARCUTERIE: taken from the term cuiseur de chair, meaning cooker of meat." This French term refers to the products, particularly (but not limited to) pork specialties such as pates, galantines, crepinettes, etc. which are made and sold in a delicatessen-style shop.

CUMIN: also called cumino, this spice dates back to the Old Testament. Shaped like a caraway seed, cumin is the dried fruit of a plant in the parsley family.

JULIENNE: food that has been cut into thin, matchstick strips.

ON THE HALF SHELL: A phrase commonly used to describe raw oysters served on the bottom shell only, usually on a plate of crushed ice or, in the case of cooked oysters such as Oysters Rockefeller, on a bed of rock salt.

TEMPURA: a Japanese specialty of batter-dipped, deep-fried pieces of fish and vegetables.



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Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Park Foundation The Wallace Genetic Foundation Seeds of Change
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